William Kaye Estes, Daniel and Amy Starch Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, earned recognition early on as a member of a rare category containing those who exhibited both sterling personal leadership and outstanding intellectual contributions. His creative scholarship centered on learning theory, to which Harvard University’s own B. F. Skinner contributed in a major way. Many psychologists believed that the hard facts of learning theory needed a formal structure that could give rise to precise predictions. Bill Estes filled this need in 1950 in a classic paper, “Towards a Statistical Theory of Learning,” which described how organisms sampled the elements of a conditioning stimulus over successive trials so that, in time, the stimulus reliably evoked a conditioned response. Fred Skinner was not pleased that one of his best graduate students had abandoned the strict orthodoxy of behaviorism and theorized about mental events. Bill’s argument was so elegant it became one of the seedbeds for what evolved into the sub-discipline of mathematical psychology with a journal and a society founded in 1964 and 1977 respectively. Bill, along with Kenneth Arrow, Patrick Suppes, Richard Atkinson, R. R. Bush, and Duncan Luce, made pioneering contributions to many cognitive domains over a period spanning more than a half century.After spending his undergraduate and graduate years at the University of Minnesota and obtaining a Ph.D. with Skinner, Bill was called into the armed forces during the Second World War, during which he served as Commandant of a POW camp. After the war Bill was recruited to Indiana University and became an outstanding chair of the psychology department. From Indiana Bill went to Stanford University, then to Rockefeller University, and finally to Harvard in 1979. After his retirement in 1989 he returned to Bloomington with his wife, Kay, whom he had met as a student. They were married for close to 70 years. Bill died on August, 17, 2011, at age 92, several months after Kay’s death.While Bill was a member of Harvard’s faculty, he and Kay lived in the gracious home built by William James. This grand house provided them with the opportunity to display their generosity as hosts for visitors, students, and postdoctoral fellows. The ambience was especially festive during their annual holiday open house, where guests found prominent Cambridge residents mingling with faculty and students from Harvard and many area institutions.A quiet, reserved scholar who often waited what seemed like an eternity before answering a question, Bill nevertheless became an effective editor of three of psychology’s premier journals; namely, Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, the Psychological Review, and Psychological Science, for which he was the first editor. He also edited the six-volume Handbook of Learning and Cognitive Processes. In addition, Bill was one of the founders of the Psychonomic Society, the leading organization for experimental psychologists. Seldom do mentors with his introverted personality recruit unquestioning, long-term loyalty from many students. Here, too, Bill challenged expectations. Indeed, during his tenure at Harvard he was influential in shifting the mentoring of graduate students from ad hoc advisor groups to supervision by a single professor whose research matched the student’s interests.Given his quiet demeanor in personal interactions, many who did not know Bill well were surprised by the fact that his public presentations were coherent, clear, and peppered with humor. Many anecdotes capture a rare combination of reserve and playfulness. Two are worth citing.Martin Seligman, a prototypic extravert, recalled asking Bill his thoughts about the evolutionary function of dreaming. After a delay that approached a full minute Bill answered, “What, Marty, do you think the evolutionary function of waking is?”A second incident occurred when Bill was on the Stanford faculty attending one of the regular Friday afternoon research meetings at which the neuroscientist Karl Pribram was present. Bill was trying to explain an unusual set of results that had been presented by one of Pribram’s students. Bill began his suggested interpretation by saying, “Suppose there are a series of little drawers in the brain . . . .” At this point Pribram interrupted Bill by saying, “I have never seen any drawers in there,” to which Bill replied, “They’re very small.”Bill received almost every possible honor. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a recipient of the National Medal of Science, the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award of the American Psychological Association, the Warren Medal from the Society of Experimental Psychologists, and was a William James Fellow of the American Psychological Society. The citation for the National Medal reflects the vast extent of Bills’ contributions. It read, “For fundamental theories of cognition and learning that transformed the field of experimental psychology and led to the development of quantitative cognitive science. His pioneering methods of quantitative modeling and an insistence on rigor and precision established the standard for modern psychological science.”Respectfully submitted,R. Duncan LuceDaniel L SchacterJerome Kagan, Chair
This is one in a series of profiles showcasing some of Harvard’s stellar graduates.Growing up in Boston’s Mission Hill neighborhood, Christos Hatzopoulos thought of himself as an average Joe. He wasn’t the type who would one day earn a master’s degree, much less at Harvard.Yet this June, he will receive a master’s degree in history from the Harvard Extension School.“I never thought of myself as a scholar, and I certainly never dreamed that one day I would study at Harvard. It’s been a very humbling experience,” he said.For Hatzopoulos, embarking on graduate studies was the second big change in a life of big changes. After graduating from Northeastern University in 1980, he worked for Raytheon for 20 years in defense electronic manufacturing. He was a program manager for the Patriot Missile System during the first Gulf War, a high-profile assignment he found exciting. But several years later the company went through a series of layoffs, and suddenly Hatzopoulos was without a job.Married, with two young children and a mortgage, he had to act quickly. An opportunity arose for him to attend the police academy. He was 42 and felt some “trepidation” about starting anything new. At the same time, “it was an opportunity to pursue a lifelong interest in law enforcement.”Hatzopoulos completed his academy training and in 2000, he joined the Harvard University Police Department. “I was given a second chance on a second career that I should have had from the beginning,” he said.He spent eight years on patrol before being promoted to detective. Working in law enforcement at an Ivy League institution is grittier than some might imagine, he said. It may be Harvard, “but basically, you’re out in the street and you’re handling situations, just like any police officer.” Many of those situations concern theft — cellphones, laptops, wallets, and bicycles. There are also accidents and occasional assaults.As a detective, Hatzopoulos investigates fraud and property crimes, particularly involving large-scale theft and Internet-based threats.“The training and experience get you through,” he said. “So you get more comfortable as time goes on, but you never get too comfortable.”After success in a second career, Hatzopoulos embarked upon another challenge: a master’s degree in history, which he thinks is an “overlooked” field of study.“History was never a dead science for me,” he said. “I’ve been reading history books my whole life for pleasure.” His mother is from Istanbul, and Hatzopoulos has always been interested in the Byzantine Empire. He focused on that at the Extension School, writing his master’s thesis on the study of conflicts between its emperors and patriarchs.Hatzopoulos hopes his degree will lead to an opportunity to teach part-time at the college level, perhaps at a community or state college. As a teacher, he would like to inspire a love of history in students. “I’d like to point out to students that problems we deal with today were probably faced in one form or another in the past.”Problem-solving comes naturally to Hatzopoulos, as his work in law enforcement and also as a scholar of history has demonstrated.“Confucius said it best,” he said, “‘Study the past if you would define the future.’”Each year, the Harvard Extension School recognizes the notable accomplishments of its top graduates and exceptional faculty with numerous awards and prizes. To see a full list of 2015-16 Extension School prize and award recipients, visit the Extension School website.
If you’ve never taken a multi-day bicycle tour vacation, then 2016 should be your year to give Bike Virginia a try. We are hosting our 29th year of our June bike vacation June 24-29, 2016.When you strike out with Bike Virginia you get to RIDE, RIDE, RIDE. When else in life to you get to concentrate on doing the thing that makes you feel great, puts a smile on your face and puts the world into perspective? Riding for 6 days is like no other bike experience.We also offer a weekend package too, 3 days of riding for those who want to give us a try or who have schedules that just don’t allow a 6 day trip right now.Great TrainingRiding for 6 days is great training for any cyclist. Base training that includes an extended period of riding can put you at the top of your game for the remainder of the summer. Using the tour as a 6 day base training program lets you step it up and take riding to an even more enjoyable level whether you want to race, or just want to tackle longer rides, or feel better at the end of a ride.Change it UpGet a big change of pace by taking a bike-cation! Admit it, you know it is true. Getting away from the daily grind is just what you need to put things in perspective. A bike vacation puts you in the right kind of action and out of the day to day rat-race. Ride, eat up, drink a cold one, listen to some live music, laugh with friends that love cycling too, sleep like a baby, and do it again.Meet Riders from Around the WorldAt our event you get to meet other people that get it. No one there will give you that strange look you get in the office when you talk about your bike like a lovesick puppy. You are not alone, there will be over 1,500 other people at Bike Virginia that share your passion! At our Virginia bike event you can openly love biking with a whole bunch of other people that feel the same love.Let Us Take Care of The DetailsYour job at Bike Virginia is to relax and ride. Enjoy it, don’t worry about the details, our expert team of staff and volunteers take care of the details for routes, food, SAG support, entertainment, camping, hotels, and so much more.At Bike Virginia we take care of everything you need to have a great vacation where every day you spend with us is a great day on the bike. All you have to do is pick the distance you want for the day from one of premium expertly planned routes. Choose from short to long, rolling to climbing. There’s something for everyone! Just follow signs which point the way to keep you pedaling, smiling, and pedaling some more.Families WelcomeBike Virginia offers a host of feature services for families including kids free and a family camping area. Let us help you connect with family and make some great memories to last a lifetime.[divider]more from blueridgeoutdoors.com[/divider]
The first conference on year-round tourism held in 2017 was extremely successful, presented the experiences and thoughts of about 30 eminent experts in domestic and regional tourism and attracted almost 300 participants – representatives of hotels, spas, travel companies and crafts, travel agencies, tourist boards and cities.Slowly but surely, the time has come for the second edition of the conference Can HR Tourism 365? – Step 2! , which will be held on September 25.09.2018, XNUMX at the Sheraton Hotel in Zagreb.This year’s conference will be international (HR, A, SLO, HU, BiH), one-day, dynamic, organized in the form of short lectures by experts and examples of good practice and panels that will discuss and create potential solutions for the development of year-round destinations and opportunities season extension. “This year, our goal is to present and discuss the potentials, opportunities, positive practices and solutions for the development of year-round tourism in Croatia and to develop proposals on how to encourage and develop year-round tourism. We will emphasize the necessity of destination development as a precondition for extending the season and the importance of creating new products, and one of the topics will be cultural tourism, given that we are in the year of cultural heritage.”Points out Ivana Kolar, from the company Julius Rose as the organizer.Do we need a clear strategy for the development of year-round tourism? How to attract serious investors? What can local self-government do and can each of us be the bearer of the development of year-round tourism? Do we have enough knowledge for that? How to ensure the required quality and modernity to follow world trends?Why doesn’t tourism work in Croatia during all 12 months? Why don’t we develop the offer all year round? Why do we accept such a situation and what can we do to change it? Who can be the initiator of changes and how to achieve them? How to achieve a successful and attractive year-round season and are we ready for that?- are just some of the questions that the conference Can HR Tourism 365? – Step 2! try to get answersThe aim of the conference is to identify potentials, opportunities, positive practices and solutions / recipes for the development of year-round tourism in Croatia, to learn about successful experiences and practices of neighboring countries, to develop a proposal for a Croatian concept of continental tourism development experts from the region (Slovenia, Austria, Hungary, Italy, Serbia) and present solutions to ensure the required quality and innovation at the global levelIvana Kolar: Croatia should be a country that tourists do not choose because of the lowest price but because of the top service and authenticity of lifeIvana Kolar, Julius RosePoliticians, tourism workers and everyone involved in tourism have been saying for years that the tourist season needs to be extended. Experiences and tourism results of neighboring countries show that tourism 365 days a year is something we should strive for.But is this really possible in Croatia as well, or are these dreams we want to believe in? “Croatian tourism achieves top results, but only in 80 summer days. The rest of the year most of the tourist facilities are unused. In the coastal area of Croatia, we realize 86 million overnight stays, while in the whole of continental Croatia only 4,5% of overnight stays are realized, of which 2% in the City of Zagreb. Numerous potentials remain untapped, facilities unorganized, resorts undeveloped, and only a few tourist oases show that the continent can do well, all 365 days a year. ” says Kolar and adds that neighboring countries, such as Austria and Hungary, achieve successful tourism results throughout the year, and some others that until recently we did not consider seriously competitive in tourism, such as Slovenia, show how the hidden potentials of each destination can be developed. we still have many challenges.Croatia is rich in natural resources and potentials and we could say that it is destined for tourism. Tourism is our destiny. But why do we realize it only in certain destinations and only in certain months? “Tourism is happening in Croatia. And when it happens, it has very high results. These results are so good that we often wonder if it pays to invest much more effort for a much lower income in another part of the year. The main motive for coming to Croatia is still the sun and the sea. When this is not the case, the motive for coming should be built and invested in. What can be the motif besides the sun and the sea? Are they: health, culture, authenticity, diversity, content and are only large tourist entities capable of that? Do we need huge investments for that? What obstacles to the realization of our potentials really exist and do we need them? Today’s tourists are travelers looking for new authentic experiences, not mass tourists looking for a unified offering in any part of the world. Croatia should be a country that tourists choose not because of the lowest price but because of the top service and authenticity of life, which Croatia as a destination can certainly offer. ” concludes Ivana Kolar.
Norwegian oil company Statoil has completed nearly 60 percent of the Phase 1 of the Johan Sverdrup project in the North Sea while further reducing the gross capital expenditure by NOK 5 billion to NOK 92 billion ($11.8B).Statoil is the operator of the project with 40.0267 percent interest. Its partners are Lundin Norway with a 22.6 percent working interest, Maersk Oil with 8.44 percent, Petoro with 17.36 percent and Aker BP with 11.5733 percent working interest.According to Aker BP’s statement on Monday, the Johan Sverdrup development passed the halfway mark over the summer, and is now nearly 60% complete, ahead of plan and below budget.Aker BP also added that, since the plan for development and operation (PDO) of the Johan Sverdrup field was approved by Norwegian authorities, planned investments for Johan Sverdrup Phase 1 have been reduced by a total of NOK 31 billion.Johan Sverdrup is one of the five largest oil fields on the Norwegian continental shelf. The field is being developed in several phases. The breakeven price for the full field development is estimated to less than $25 per barrel and the total resources in the Johan Sverdrup field are estimated to between 2.0 and 3.0 billion barrels of oil equivalent.This investment update for Phase 1 coincides with the assembly operation of the Johan Sverdrup drilling platform which is taking place these days in Klosterfjorden, near Haugesund in Norway. The drilling platform is one of four platforms which makes up the planned field center for Johan Sverdrup.Phase 1 is expected to start up in late 2019 with production capacity estimated at 440,000 barrels of oil per day.Phase 2 is expected to start up in 2022, with full field production estimated at 660,000 barrels of oil per day. Peak production on Johan Sverdrup will be equivalent to 25% of all Norwegian petroleum production. Concept decision for Phase 2 was made earlier this year and the selected concept consists of another process platform (P2), modifications to the riser platform and subsea wells.Alex Schneiter, CEO and President of Lundin Petroleum commented on Monday: “The world class Johan Sverdrup project is progressing really well and continues to get better and better. It is very encouraging to see that we have now passed the halfway mark in Phase 1 of the project and are ahead of schedule. It has been my long held view that costs will continue to come down and today we can announce that the Johan Sverdrup partnership has managed to lower development costs even further.”
Some 190 nations hope to agree on ways of ending poverty and hungerWorld leaders are meeting in Ethiopia’s capital, Addis Ababa for a development financing summit looking to end global poverty and manage climate change by 2030.Now the key objective of the meeting is laying out the ground rules for a fairer world of inclusive, low-carbon growth.Leaders attending the summit will decide how to fill an investment gap in key sustainable development sectors for developing nations.The leaders have been called on to put aside “narrow self-interest” to break a deadlock over how to finance the United Nation’s bold new global development agenda, its Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said on Monday at the opening of a financing conference in Ethiopia.Some 190 nations hope to agree on how to bankroll 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which include ending poverty and hunger, combating climate change and achieving gender equality by 2030.“Let us put aside what divides us and overcome narrow self-interest in favour of working together for the common well-being of humanity,” Ban told thousands of delegates gathered for the four day meeting in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa.In a world where growth is slowing, foreign assistance budgets are shrinking, and scepticism towards aid and multinationals is growing, finding the resources to achieve the ambitious goals will be tough.The SDGs, expected to be adopted in September, are estimated to cost between $3.3 and $4.5 trillion a year, according to the U.N. Conference on Trade and Development.Multilateral development banks, including the World Bank, the African Development Bank and the Asian Development Bank, as well as the International Monetary Fund on Friday signalled plans to extend more than $400 billion in financing over the next three years to help mobilise resources to achieve the SDGs.“We need trillions, not billions, of dollars to accomplish these goals, and the money will come from many sources: developing countries, private sector investment, donors, and international financial institutions,” Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank Group said in a statement.“By working together, we can help people build better lives with good education, quality health care, clean water, and proper sanitation.The U.N. chief said he was disappointed negotiators had been unable to come to an agreement despite lengthy talks in New York over the past month. He said new avenues of financing needed to be explored.“In a world in which both the global population and resource constraints are growing, development finance needs a reboot,” said Ban.Many advocacy groups are nervous about the strong emphasis on the private sector in funding the SDGs, while acknowledging that aid money alone cannot foot the bill.The main sticking point in Addis Ababa is a standoff over a push by the G77 developing countries to upgrade a U.N. tax body, which they hope would set new global rules to crackdown on tax dodging, mainly by multinationals.The proposal is fiercely opposed by the rich countries of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which drew up the current tax rules.The Secretary-General highlighted six areas where he hoped to see concrete policy commitments, including free social services for all, more aid for the poorest countries and new mechanisms for funding infrastructure and technology transfer.
BATESVILLE, Ind. – The final date this year for leaf collection in Batesville is set for this Friday.City officials say trash items, including bagged leaves, will be picked up with a maximum limit of four bags per household.Following Friday, residents are asked to add bagged leaves to the normal trash collection.
One thousand dollar feature winners at Algona were Devin Smith in the IMCA Sunoco Stock Cars, Cody Nielsen in the IMCA Sunoco Hobby Stocks and Jared Boumeester in the Karl Kustoms Northern SportMods. Already on the 2020 Fast Shafts All-Star Invitational ballot, Gustin now has a tour career best 12 feature wins. The Kossuth County show had been postponed a week because of inclement weather. The Fairmont race will be the first in tour history held in Minnesota. Both events will be broadcast by IMCA.TV. A bobble with three laps left by Jeremy Mills opened the door for Gustin, who zoomed by to take the $1,500 checkers and his fourth win of the 2019 IMCA Modified tour. Mills ended second in the caution-free contest. Austin Wolf, Ryan Ruter and Corey Dripps completed the top five in the county fair show. Hard charger Cody Laney advanced 10 positions. Feature results – 1. Richie Gustin, Gilman; 2. Jeremy Mills, Britt; 3. Austin Wolf, Algona; 4. Ryan Ruter, Kanawha; 5. Corey Dripps, Reinbeck; 6. Jeff Aikey, Cedar Falls; 7. Kelly Shryock, Fertile; 8. Ricky Thornton Jr., Adel; 9. Todd Shute, Norwalk; 10. Cody Laney, Torrance, Calif.; 11. Joel Rust, Grundy Center; 12. Ethan Dotson, Bakersfield, Calif.; 13. Cody Bauman, Eureka, Ill.; 14. Kyle Brown, Madrid; 15. Mat Hollerich, Good Thunder, Minn.; 16. Kollin Hibdon, Pahrump, Nev.; 17. Ben Schultze, Algona; 18. Cody Knecht, Whittemore; 19. Jeff Feaster, Humboldt; 20. David Brown, Kellogg; 21. Al Hejna, Clear Lake; 22. Brock Bauman, Eureka, Ill.; 23. Rob Hughes, Humboldt; 24. D.J. Shannon, Merced, Calif. Next up on the Dirt Knights schedule are $1,500 to win events Monday, Aug. 5 at Clay County Fair Speedway in Spencer and Wednesday, Aug. 7 at Fairmont Raceway. Richie Gustin won Thursday’s Arnold Motor Supply Dirt Knights Tour main event, during the Kossuth County Fair. The $1,500 IMCA Modified tour victory was his fourth this season. (Photo by Chad Meyer) ALGONA, Iowa (Aug. 1) – In the right place at the right time, Richie Gustin won Thursday’s Arnold Motor Supply Dirt Knights Tour main event at Kossuth County Speedway.
German stayer Walzertakt is unlikely to take up an engagement in the Palmerstown House Estate Irish St Leger on September 13. The six-year-old son of Montjeu emerged as a surprise contender for the Group One at the Curragh after he defeated the well-regarded Bathyrhon by a short head in the Prix Maurice de Nieuil at Longchamp in July. But trainer Jean-Pierre Carvalho would now rather prepare him for the Group Two Prix Kergorlay at Deauville later this month, with the Prix du Cadran on Arc weekend at Longchamp a conditional goal. Press Association He said: “There is a race at Deauville in August and I think that is where we will go with Walzertakt, instead of travelling to Ireland. “I want to end up running him in the Prix du Cadran so I think it will make a little more sense to stay in France. “It is only an idea, but that is what I prefer at the moment.”
Berlin : Michael Schumacher’s son Mick is set to make his Formula One debut behind the wheel of a Ferrari test in Bahrain next month.Auto Bild reported on Sunday that Schumacher, the 20-year-old son of seven-time world champion Michael, could appear at a young driver’s test in April.Teams will be obliged to test young drivers for two days at the mid-season test in Bahrain on April 2 and 3.On Monday, autosport.com reported that Schumacher will test the Ferrari SF90 on Tuesday 2 April, before taking the wheel for Alfa Romeo the following day.The Alfa Romeo team have close links to Ferrari, who signed Schumacher as an academy driver in January.Schumacher was crowned European Champion at Formula Three level with Prema last year and will make the step up to Formula Two this season. For all the Latest Sports News News, Motorsports News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps.