Jocelyn Viterna, associate professor of sociology at Harvard University, delivered a lecture on the interdisciplinary field of development, sponsored by the Kellogg Institute on Tuesday afternoon. She spoke about the history and “identity crisis” of the field and on how a renewed interest in the field is allowing development to once again gain prominence in sociology. “At the close of World War II, everybody was asking these questions: Why are some countries poorer than others and what can be done to raise the standards of living for everyone?” Viterna said. “Answering these questions was thought to be necessary by both scholars of academic institutions as well as by politicians.” Viterna said the dependency and world system theory started losing credit during the 1980s, causing many sociologists in that field to become less welcoming to interdisciplinary work and research. A lot of people who were researching related disciplines described themselves as working with another subfield. “Development sociology had a sort of identity crisis within its own discipline,” Viterna said. “Sociologists like to complain that we have practically zero presence in a lot of development institutions, but I think sociologists have to own up to the fact that although we have very important things to say, we didn’t exactly make ourselves easy to find.” The discrediting of the dependency and world system theory also gave way to what some scholars call “the new consensus.”“‘The new consensus’ is that there’s not a grand new theory, there’s not a grand new explanation of ‘what is development,’” she said. “Now what we’re finding is there is consistent relevance of certain factors — these are these are institutions, social divisions human capital and targeted interventions affected.”“The new consensus” is multidisciplinary, but, according to Viterna, it draws heavily from sociological concepts, such as institutions, mobilization and transnationalism. “If you look at the scholarship on institutes and sociology, institutions themselves are fundamentally cultural,” she said. “But the idea of institutions is that they are these durable structures of knowledge. They embody norms and practices and because we have these institutions that reduce the uncertainty of human interaction and problems of coordination.”Viterna also said many scholars are concerned with how the mobilization of resources function, specifically with how they encourage competition between developing areas and are used by institutions to coerce participation. She mentioned one agency that would only provide resources if enough women held positions on a local council. “There’s this idea that we’re empowering women by ensuring that 50 percent of the positions are filled by women, but we have to acknowledge that this is coerced participation and we don’t know what the consequences of that are,” she said. “Coerced participants are never as ideologically committed as those who do it for more intellectual, more philosophical reasons.” Tags: Jocelyn Viterna, Kellogg Institue, sociology
South Burlington has been rated in the top ten school districts nationally with housing costs under $500,000, according to a review by a national rating firm. While millions throughout the nation prepare for traditional back to school activities, some families are searching for affordable housing based on local schools or desirable school districts. In some cases, proximity to quality schools is so important buyers may choose to rent close to a preferred school until the right home becomes available, especially if they’re running out of time before the first day of school.”I recently worked with clients that were moving to the Northwest Chicago suburbs from out of state,” said Nina Rocus, a Realtor in Schaumburg, Illinois. “They originally looked for homes close to particular school districts, and wanted to move in before the school year started so their son would be enrolled on time for this school year. But because they felt they were running out of time they ended up renting. They still want to find a home in the spring so we will start looking again then.”Because proximity to a quality school is such a high priority for some families as they search for their next home(1), buyers and sellers in cities with top ranked schools or school districts can often expect to see higher median list prices as compared to the statewide median list price, sometimes as much as 10 to 28 percent(2) higher.”Without a doubt the ‘right’ school district increases value by 12 to 14 percent in my area even in today’s market,” said Maria Picardi-Kenyon, a long-time Realtor located in New Jersey. “I’ve spoken with many clients who are convinced that a preferred school district provides as much as 20 percent or more value to a home.”To help families as they search for academic excellence and affordable housing during this year’s back to school season, Move, Inc., the leader in online real estate, today releases median list prices in ten communities ranked with high education quality scores, along with tips on how to expedite this season’s real estate search before the school bell rings.Median List Prices For Cities Home to the High Scoring School DistrictsIn an April 2010 review of 17,377 cities and towns in 49 states(3), Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana and Kentucky led the review with the highest ranking school districts in terms of educational quality scores and median list prices(4) under $200,000. The review took into consideration K-12 public school enrollment data, student test scores, and population data that determined average education quality scores, among other data.Single-Family Homes – Median List Price Under $200,000Town/CitySchool DistrictEducation Quality Score(3)State Median List Price(5)City Median List Price(5)Mason, OHMason City96.56$135,900$189,500Fishers, INHamilton Southeastern95.89$129,900$ 184,900Fort Thomas, KYFort Thomas94.22$154,900$ 174,900Allison Park, PAAllison Park94.07$198,900$ 169,900North Royalton, OHNorth Royalton92.54$135,900$ 179,000Data from the same April 2010 review(6) also indicated the highest ranking school districts in terms of educational quality scores with median list prices between $200,000 and $345,270 today can be found in Vermont, Wisconsin, Indiana, and Minnesota.Single-Family Homes – Median List Price Under $200,000 to $500,000Town/CitySchool/School DistrictEducation Quality Score(7)State Median List Price(8)City Median List Price(8)Edina, MNEdina94.74$199,900$345,000Zionsville, INZionsville Community94.03$129,900$325,000Brookfield, WIElmbrook93.94$184,000$298,900South Burlington, VTSouth Burlington93.74$269,500$272,500Germantown, WIGermantown School District93.65$184,000$285,900Factors Associated With Selecting Housing Near Quality SchoolsWhile the National Education Association’s study on student achievement reports the proximity of affordable housing in stable neighborhoods remains a key component to a student’s success, buyers also often consider location to jobs, shopping, freeways, and property taxes among other things when searching areas with high ranked school districts.”Clients focused on a particular school district are often inclined to favor neighborhoods that have great accessibility to community facilities like parks, pools, tennis courts, running/biking trails, as well as access to retail and restaurants,” said Tom Thornton, an EcoBroker with Realty Austin of Austin, Texas. “In Austin, popular neighborhoods with good schools can have an average negotiation range of two to three percent from list price, while the resale advantage can be as much as a five or 10 percent premium compared to neighborhoods without popular amenities.”Is Bigger Better?The ability to live, earn and learn often comes with a price in communities that serve larger student populations. According to The United States Department of Education, three states – California, Florida and Texas – account for 45 of the nation’s largest public school districts with an average of 169 school choices per district.Median list prices for single-family homes listed for sale on the Move Network in California, Florida and Texas in July 2010 were$335,000, $215,000, and $179,900 respectively, while the national media price was $212,900 during the same time period.Average active list prices for single-family homes listed for sale on the Move Network in the nation’s top three largest school districts in July 2010 were $816,545 in New York, $879,743 in Los Angeles, and $425,869 in Chicago.Nation’s Largest School Districts / Market Median List PriceCitySchool DistrictEducation Grade(9)State Median List Price(10)City Median List Price(10)New York, NYNYC SchoolsPop: 1,049,831B+$299,900$816,545Los Angeles, CALA Unifiedstudent pop: 735,058B$335,000$879,743Chicago, ILCity of Chicago School Dist-299. pop: 409,279B$209,900$425,869Miami, FLDade County School District. pop: 352,536C$215,000$765,599Ft. Lauderdale, FLBroward County School District. pop: 231,187B$215,000$585,901Community Information, School Data and More Available online 24/7Regardless of the time of year, consumers searching for a property on the Move Network can easily find local community information at the bottom of each listing detail page(11) including school name, distance from the home of interest, type of school, grades taught, Great Schools Rating, parent rating; and the location of the home on a map that can be viewed in road, aerial or bird’s eyes views.Additional information on these listing detail pages(12) includes: cost of living; climate; distinctive community characteristics such as the closest airport, colleges, closest major sports team, and general community information such as population statistics; household information including number, size and family make up of recorded households; general housing information such as pricing, dwelling age and annual residential turnover; available transportation types; income, net worth and employment by industry and occupation.ABOUT MOVE, INC.Move, Inc. (Nasdaq: MOVE) is the leader in online real estate with 11.6 million(13) monthly visitors to its online network of websites. Move, Inc. operates: Move.com, a leading destination for information on new homes and rental listings, moving, home and garden and home finance; REALTOR.com®, the official website of the National Association of REALTORS®; Moving.com; SeniorHousingNet; and TOP PRODUCER Systems. Move, Inc. is based in Campbell, California.(1) Profile of Home Buyers and Sellers, 2009 NAR(2) Comparison of July 2010 Median List Prices vs. State Median List Prices, Move, Inc.(3) Forbes.com(4) Median List Prices, Single-Family Homes, Move, Inc., July 2010(5) Median List Prices, Single-Family Homes, Move, Inc., July 2010(6) Forbes.com(7) Forbes.com(8) Median List Prices, Single-family Homes, Move, Inc., July 2010(9) www.k12research.com(link is external)(10) Median List Prices, Single-Family Homes, Move, Inc., July 2010(11) 2009 Onboard Informatics(12) 2009 Onboard Informatics(13) comScore Media Metrix, July 2010This press release may contain forward-looking statements, including information about management’s view of Move’s future expectations, plans and prospects, within the safe harbor provisions under The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the results of Move, its subsidiaries, divisions and concepts to be materially different than those expressed or implied in such statements. These risk factors and others are included from time to time in documents Move files with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including but not limited to, its Form 10-Ks, Form 10-Qs and Form 8-Ks. Other unknown or unpredictable factors also could have material adverse effects on Move’s future results. The forward-looking statements included in this press release are made only as of the date hereof. Move cannot guarantee future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements. Accordingly, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Finally, Move expressly disclaims any intent or obligation to update any forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances.SOURCE Move, Inc. CAMPBELL, Calif., Aug. 19, 2010 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ —
The bridge was reopened at 5 a.m.yesterday. The structural integrity assessmentwould be conducted before this month is over, said Fruto. How long would the repaired side last? ILOILO – Under fire for the slowrepair of Aganan Bridge in Pavia town, the Department of Public Works andHighways (DPWH) yesterday reopened it to traffic. Work on the defective sideused by people and vehicles going to Iloilo City from the Iloilo Airport hadbeen completed, according to Assistant Regional Director Al Fruto. Repair of the Aganan Bridge startedlate last year although it had been showing signs of deterioration for monthsprior. This angered a lot of people who took to social media to vent theirfrustration. Asked why this side of the bridgeneeded constant repair in recent years despite being relatively new, Fruto saidthe cement may be “weak.” F. Gurrea Construction was the DPWHcontractor that built this side (two additional new lanes) of the once two-laneAganan Bridge only some five years ago. He, however, recalled that when F.Gurrea Construction turned the bridge over to DPWH after construction, thesetwo additional lanes seemed well-built. Fruto said DPWH and F. GurreaConstruction had an understanding that the contractor would be repairing thetwo lanes it constructed should there be a need for it, at no cost to DPWH. One possible test is the so-calledrebound hammer test – a non-destructive testing method of concrete whichprovide a convenient and rapid indication of the compressive strength of theconcrete. The rebound hammer is also called as Schmidt hammer that consist of aspring controlled mass that slides on a plunger within a tubular housing. Fruto also said while Aganan Bridgehas a weight limit of 20 metric tons, vehicles exceeding such weight cap couldstill pass by the bridge. Thus, the hardness of concrete andrebound hammer reading can be correlated with compressive strength of concrete. Fruto said DPWH would be conducting a“thorough assessment of the structure’s integrity.” Is this arrangement a tacit admissionthat the expanded Aganan Bridge was poorly constructed? Fruto just let out a hearty laugh. Aganan, Pavia Bridge. IAN PAUL CORDERO/PN He, however, stressed it is not DPWHthat regulates vehicles using bridges but local government units, and in thecase of the Aganan Bridge, the municipal government of Pavia. Rebound hammer test method is based onthe principle that the rebound of an elastic mass depends on the hardness ofthe concrete surface against which the mass strikes. When the plunger ofrebound hammer is pressed against the concrete surface, the spring controlledmass in the hammer rebounds. The amount of rebound of the mass depends on thehardness of concrete surface. F. Gurrea Construction did the repair,according to Fruto, at no expense on the part of DPWH. Another possible test is the core testwhich is generally performed to assess whether suspectconcrete in a new structure complies with strength-based acceptance criteria ornot./PN
Qualifier Night-branded Friday night features at Donnellson on April 17, May 8, June 12, July 17 and Aug. 7 each pay $1,000 to win. Drivers who compete in at least four of those events run for a top prize of $5,000 in the Saturday, Sept. 12 finale. National and state points are at stake on Sept. 12. That race pays $2,000 if the winner competed at three or fewer Qualifier Night events. Pits at Donnellson are open all day on Fridays. The grandstand opens at 5:30 p.m. and racing follows 7 p.m. hot laps. IMCA Speedway Motors Weekly Racing National, E3 Spark Plugs Iowa State and track points will be awarded at each Qualifier Night show. Shottenkirk Parts Express, local sponsor of the division, is title sponsor of the Drive For 5 as well. Other sponsors include Ideal Ready Mix, J.J. Nichting Company Case IH and Floyd’s Waste Systems. DONNELLSON, Iowa – Five $1,000 to win features set the stage for a potential $5,000 IMCA Sunoco Late Model Drive For 5 payday this season at Lee County Speedway. “Lee County Speedway ran something like this forever ago over 10 nights and we decided to bring it back,” promoter Brian Gaylord said. “It’s going to be a great way to get even more Late Models to the track. I think we’re going to have to run a ‘B’ main every night.” The track website is www.leecountyspeedway.com.